Čikoš first club was Inter Bratislava, where he played till 2008. In 2009 he was transferred to the club MFK Petržalka.
In July 2010, Čikoš came to Ekstraklasa side Wisła Kraków for medical tests and then he joined Wisła on one-year loan deal, with a one-year option.
At the end of the 2010-11 season, it announced that Čikoš left the club after Wisła Kraków refused to take up the options to sign Čikoš the previous month.
After leaving Wisła Kraków, Čikoš would return to Slovakia by joining Slovan Bratislava.
In 2012-13 season, Čikoš remained on the sideline until he return to training in January.
On 31 January 2014, Čikoš signed for Ross County on loan until the end of the 2013–14 season after making nine appearance for the club earlier in the season. On the move, Čikoš revealed that his compatriot team-mate Filip Kiss played a role of persuading Čikoš joining Ross County.
Čikoš made his debut for the club, where he plays in the right-back, as Ross County drew 2-2 with Kilmarnock. While playing at Ross County, Čikoš say playing in the Scottish League is high tempo than it is in Slovak Super Liga and has enjoy the city, where he described it as "nice atmosphere." Čikoš had his playing time at Ross County, playing as a right-back for the reminder of the season and he went on to make fourteen appearances.
May 23rd, 2014 vs. Montenegro
After being included in Slovakia levels, Čikoš was finally called up by the senior national football team for two games.